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新闻频道;百度自动驾驶汽车“安全驾驶员”的一天

      金滢科技新闻频道

《电动汽车控制器》:自去年 4 月百度在上海国际车展发布 Apollo 计划以来,这个颇受业界关注的自动驾驶开放平台已经走过了一年的历程。这一年中,Apollo 经历了从“0”到“1”的突破,也完成了从本土走向国际的步伐。同时,Apollo 的开放版本也从 1.0 进化至 1.5 再发展到 2.0,循着预先的计划一步一步进行。今天(4 月 19 日),百度将会推出 Apollo 2.5 版本,这次又有什么新动作?

SHIJISHANG,MUQIANJUEDADUOSHUZIDONGJIASHICHELIANGHAICHUZAISHANGLUCESHIJIEDUAN,TEBIESHIZUIJINZHONGGUODUODIKAISHIBANFAZIDONGJIASHILUCEPAIZHAO,GENGSHITUIDONGLEZHEIYIJINCHENG。JIRANSHICESHI,NEIMEZUOZAIZIDONGJIASHIQICHEJIASHIWEISHANGZHUNBEISUISHIJIEGUANCHELIANGDE“ANQUANJIASHIYUAN”ZEBIBUKESHAO。JIEXIALAI,WOMENJIANGDIYISHIJIAODAIDAJIALEJIEYIXIABAIDU Apollo ZIDONGJIASHIXIANGMUZUDE“ANQUANJIASHIYUAN”DERICHANG。

自动驾驶汽车安全驾驶员

ZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANZUOWEIZIDONGJIASHIQICHESHANGZUIGUANJIANDEJIANCHAJIAOSE,YOUZHESHIFENZHONGYAODEDIWEI。KEZHENZHENGDEZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANDERICHANGJIUJINGSHISHENMEYANGDE?WOMENZAIBAIDU Apollo ZIDONGJIASHIYANFATUANDUIDAILEYITIAN。

“WOZHIQIANSHIGEJUNREN,CENGJINGHUODEQICHEDABIWUSANDENGGONG,YUZIDONGJIASHIQICHEXIANGCHUWORENWEISHIYIGEZHUJIANXIANGHUXINRENDEGUOCHENG。”BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIQICHEANQUANJIASHIYUANJINSHIFUZHEIYANGSHUODAO。

图注:*靳师傅在百度从事自动驾驶汽车安全驾驶员工作 500 天

“GANGKAISHINEIHUIERBENGTIDUOYUNLE,YANFASHANGCHEMEI 20 FENZHONGJIUDETU。”JINSHIFUDAQUDAO。

ZAIXIANGMUKAISHICESHISHI,ZIDONGJIASHIQICHEJIUXIANGYIGEHAIZI,ZAIJIESHANGMANMANDIZOUZHE,KANDAOLUKOUXIAOXINYIYIDIDAZHUANXIANG。ERANQUANYUANJIUXIANGGEDAJIAZHANG,GUANJIANSHIKELAYIBA。SUIZHEJISHUDEJINBU,BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIQICHEJIERUYUELAIYUESHAO,RUJINANQUANYUANYUZIDONGJIASHIQICHESHIXIANLEMOUZHONGMOQI, ZUOWEIZIDONGJIASHIQICHEDIYIGECHENGKE,ANQUANYUANDE“CHEPIN”HENZHONGYAO。BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIQICHENENGZUODAORUCIZIRANDETIYANGANYINWEITAMENDEGONGXIAN。“FOXI”DEJIASHIXIGUANGENGRONGYIRANGZIDONGJIASHIQICHETIYANQILAIGENGXIANGYOUSIJIJIASHI。ZAIZIDONGJIASHIQICHESHANGLUQIAN,ANQUANYUANQUEYOUSHIZIDONGJIASHIQICHEYANFASHIDEZUIHOUPINGZHANG,“ZERENGAN”SHIANQUANYUANYIZHIQIANGDIAODELINIAN。

ZAIBAIDUZIDONGJIASHIBUMENZHONGYOUYIGEBUCHENGWENDESHOUZE,BUGUANRENHAISHIJIQI,ZAIZHIYESHANGBIXUZUODAO 100% JINZE,BAIDUZUOWEIGUONEILINGXIANDEZIDONGJIASHIYANFAGONGSI,CONGGUIFAN、BUJUHEYUANJINGSHANGDOUYOUXIANGDANGQUANMIANDEKAOLV,ANQUANYUANCHULEJIASHISHUIPINGGUOYINGWAI,HAIYAOCONGJISHUSHANGJINKENENGDUJUEKENENGFAXIANDEANQUANLOUDONG,BAWENTIFANKUIJIYANFACESHITUANDUI。ZHEISHI,ANQUANYUANJIANGBUZAISHIQICHEDEJIAZHANG,ERSHIZUIDADECHANPINJINGLIHE“CHANPINTIYANGUAN”,SUOYINIHUIJINGCHANGKANDAOANQUANYUANZHIZEYANFAMAN,HUOYONGXIAOBAIBANJICHANPINJINGLISHANGKEDEYIMU。

图注:*北京共发布了五张自动驾驶测试实验用临时牌照,百度 Apollo 有五张

QIANBUJIU,BEIJINGSHIFABULESHOUPIZIDONGJIASHICESHISHIYANYONGLINSHIPAIZHAO,GAILINSHIPAIZHAOFENWEI T1-T5 WUGEJIBIE,BAIDUNADAODEWUZHANG T3 PAIZHAOSHIGUONEIMUQIANZUIGAOJIBIE。ANQUANYUANJIANGZIDONGJIASHIQICHERENWEIJIERUDEYUANYINHUAFENWEISIDAMOKUAI,JICELVEQUEXIAN、XITONGGUZHANG、GUIZEZHENGCE、RENWEIYUANYIN。RENHERENWEIDEJILUDOUHUIANZHAODONGJI、LUMIANZHUANGKUANGDENGYUANYINJINXINGGUINAZONGJIE,ZAIFANKUIJIYANFAHECHANPIN。TAJIWEIZIJIDESHENGMINGFUZEYEWEIQICHEFUZE,GENGWEIZHENGGEGONGGONGDAOLUDEXINGREN、CHELIANGFUZE。

CHENGWEIYIMINGQICHEANQUANYUANXUYAOJINGLIFEICHANGYANGEDEKAOYAN,GENJUBAIDUXIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANJIESHAO,DAGAIYAOFENWEIWUGEJIEDUAN:

  • 司机考察期;
  • 开环数据采集司机;
  • 开环研发车司机;
  • 闭环研发车司机;
  • 自动驾驶汽车安全员。

SIJIRUZHI,CHULEFALVFAGUICESHIZHIWAIHAIYAOJINGGUOYIDINGGONGLISHUDESHANGLUCESHI。SIJIXINGCHESHIBUJINYAOYANGEZUNSHOUFALVFAGUIBUNENGCHUCUO,HAIYAOJUBEIJINJITINGCHE、JINJIBIRANGDENGGAONANDUCHEJI,YIWEICENGDANRENMOUSHIJIEDINGJIANCHEQIDECESHISHIBIAOSHI,ZAITAKANLAI,BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANDEKAOHEXIANGDANGQUANMIANQIEZHIYE。

DANGSIJITONGGUOCHULUNKAOCHAHOUBIANCHENGWEIKAIHUANSHUJUCAIJICHEHUOZHEKAIHUANYANFACHEDESHIXISIJI,ZHEIXIECESHISIJIMENYAOXUEXIZIDONGJIASHIXIANGGUANZHISHI,XIEZHUYANFA、CHANPINJINXINGXIANGGUANSHUJUDESHOUJIHECESHI。

DANGCHENGWEIBIHUANYANFASIJIJIEDUANSHI,ZHENGMINGSIJIYIJINGJUBEILEWENDINGDEJIASHIJISHUHEXIANGDANGDEZIDONGJIASHIYEWUNENGLI,KEJINYIBUSHENRUJIECHUZIDONGJIASHIQICHEDECESHI,ZAIZHEIGEJIEDUANSIJIZHUJIANHUIJIANGKONGZHIFANGXIANGPANDEQUANXIANJIAOJICHELIANGBENSHEN,CHENGWEIYIMINGGUANCHAZHE。ZHEIYIJIEDUANDESIJIYAOSHIYINGJIKONGZHICHEHAIYAOXUYAOSHIKEGUANZHUZHOUBIANDEDAOLUQINGKUANGZHEIYIQUANXINDEZHUANGTAI。

ZUIHOUCHENGWEIYIMINGHEGE,LEJIEXIANGGUANZIDONGJIASHICANSHUQIENENGDULISHANGLUDEBAIDUZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUAN。

说安全驾驶员不累,那是假的

“NIJUEDEZUOZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUAN,LEIME?”

“SHUOBULEINEISHIJIADE,ZHEIXINGYEGENPUTONGSIJIHENBUYIYANG,NIXUYAOSHIKEZHUYICHELIANGZHOUBIANDELUKUANG,YOUQISHIGUOLUKOUHUOZHECHEDUODESHIHOU。” BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIANQUANJIASHIYUANLISHIFUBIAOSHI。

ZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANANZHAODANGRIRENWUHELUKUANG,YITIANYAOPAO 60-200 GONGLIBUDENG,JIBENSHANGDABUFENDESHIJIANDOUZAICHESHANGGONGZUO。ZAIGONGZUOSHI,ANQUANYUANYIFANGMIANXUYAOJIZHONGJINGSHENGUANCHACESHICHELIANGFUJINDEJIAOTONGLUKUANG,HAIYAOJIANGJIAOFANGZAICHACHE,TIFANGCHELIANGZIJIDE“XIAOPIQI”。MEICICHUXIANRENGONGJIERUSHI,ANQUANYUANDOUYAOANZHAOYANGEDELIUCHENGJILUJIERUDEXIJIEHESHIJIAN。

项目起步时,自动驾驶汽车行车体验很不稳定,经常会出现突然刹车、打转向等危险操作。一旦车辆出现失控情况,安全员必须时刻准备着握紧方向盘,及时将方向调正。随着研发越发深入,行车体验逐渐变好,安全员又将车辆关注的焦点从车转移到周边的人和车上。

SUIRANZIDONGJIASHIQICHEYIJINGFAZHANXUJIU,DANSHIGONGGONGDAOLUSHANGDE“WEIGUANQUNZHONG”DOUDUIZHEIGEDINGZHEQIGUAIDONGXIDEGAIZHUANGCHEYOUZHEQIANGLIEDEHAOQIXINHE“WUJIE”。ZAIGONGGONGDAOLUSHANGCESHIZIDONGJIASHIQICHESHI,JINGCHANGHUISHOUDAOQITA“BUMINGZHENXIANG”QUNZHONGDEWUJIEHEDIAOXI。ZHEIXIESIJIFAXIANZHEISHIYILIANGZIDONGJIASHIQICHESHI,ZONGXIANGSHISHIZHEILIANGCHEDE“ZHENGONGFU”。

“YAOMELIDETEBIEJINXIANGKANKANLIMIANSHENMEYANG,YAOMEJIUXIANGBIEZANMEN。SUIRANTINGWUNAIDE,DANBIJINGZANMENZHEIXINGTAIQIANYANLE,KEYILIJIE。” LISHIFUSHUO。

SHANGGEYUE Uber ZIDONGJIASHIQICHEFASHENGLEZHUANGRENSHIGU,GENJULUXIANGXIANSHI,CHELIANGZAIZIDONGJIASHIMOSHIZHONGZHIJIEZHUANGXIANGLEHENGCHUANMALUDEXINGREN,CHELIDEANQUANYUANKANQILAIZHUYILIBINGBUSHINEIMEJIZHONG。ZHENDUIZHEIYANGDEBUXINGSHIJIAN,Apollo DEANQUANJIASHIYUANBIAOSHI,ZHANGSHIJIANDEGONGZUOHENRONGYIJINRUYIZHONGPILAODEZHUANGTAI,ZHUYILIJITILIDOUYOUSUOXIAJIANG,DUICI,BAIDUHUIJIANQUANYUANCHONGZUDEKONGJIANQUZIWODIAOZHENGHEXIUXI,BUYUNXUANQUANYUANZAIXINGSHISHISHUANGSHOULIKAIFANGXIANGPAN。

SUIZHESHEBEIJICHENGDUYUELAIYUEGAO,ANQUANYUANDEFUZHUJIANCESHEBEIYEJIANSHAODAOYIGEPINGMU。BAIDUZIDONGJIASHIGUANFANGRENYUANBIAOSHI,JIANGHUIJINYIBUYOUHUAZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANDEXINGCHETIYAN,TONGSHIYEWEIANQUANYUANSHANGLEGAOEBAOXIAN。

*BAIDU Apollo ZIDONGJIASHICESHICHE

这是一个新旧观念碰撞的职业

SUIRANZIDONGJIASHIANQUANYUANMUQIANSHIZHICHUXIANYUZIDONGJIASHIXINGYEDETESHUGONGZHONG,DANTAYIDINGHUIZAIBUYUANDEJIANGLAIYINGLAIBAOFA。

SUIZHEZIDONGJIASHIXINGYEDEWENBUTUIJIN,GUANYU“ZIDONGJIASHIJISHUDELIANGCHAN”YITIYETISHANGLERICHENG。ZAIKEYUJIANDELIANGNIANNEI,FENGBIDAOLUDEZIDONGJIASHIQICHEYIDINGHUISHIXIANPUJI,CISHIANQUANYUANJIANGCHENGWEIYIGEGUANHUCHENGKEXINGMING、CHELIANGANQUANDEZHONGYAOJIAOSE。ZHIYEDEBIAOZHUNHUAYEJIANGSUIZHEXINGYEDEPUJIXINGCHENGYIGEJUXIANGXINGTAI。ANQUANYUANJUTIDEZHINENGYIFANGMIANLIBUKAIBAIDU、GUGEZHEIXIETOUBUDUIWUDUIZIDONGJIASHISHANGLUDESIKAO,LINGYIFANGMIANHAIXUYAOANQUANYUANCONGSHIRENYUANZISHENDEZERENGANHEREQING。

ZIDONGJIASHIQICHEJIUXIANGTAMENDEHAIZIYIYANG,YIDIANDIANDECHENGZHANGHEYOUHUADOUNENGCHUANDADAOANQUANYUANDETIYANZHONG。YEZHENGSHIZHEIXIEQIANXIANDEANQUANYUANBUDUANFUCHUHENULI,CAIRANGZIDONGJIASHIQICHEYUFAJUBEIRENXING。